International shipping costs rose in January and February 2021 across the board, affecting the cost of trade between the UK and the EU. Bloomberg notes that the average for quoted courier rates has increased by a third to half of their previous value between November 2020 and February 2021. Reuters also reports that UK-EU export traffic has fallen by 68% on January 2020 levels.
The UK-EU Trading Agreement agreed before the end of the Brexit transition guaranteed mutual recognition of goods and waived all import duties. The only day-to-day change is the requirement for importers to file some additional import paperwork, in line with what is already required for UK imports from non-EU countries.
Imports and exports between the UK and the EU (including Norway) now need to state the item’s commodity code. These codes are drawn from the globally-recognised, WTO-approved Harmonised Code (HS) system, so the commodity code for a shipment of bricks, for example, is the same whether it comes from Germany, India, or Ghana. HS Codes are ten-digit quick reference strings that tell readers the broad category, specifics, variant, and country of origin of the goods they're describing. Here's how they work:
Brexit has meant a few changes to the customs paperwork needed to send or receive goods between the UK and Scandinavian countries. Thanks to the 2020 Trade Agreement, most customs regulations will fundamentally remain the same. However, you'll now need to provide more information to customs officials than you might have once expected. Here's what to supply: